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AIDE ORAL LELE ANGLAIS

LeaBertrand
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25 Avril 2016 à 18:10
Bonjour,

Je passe mon oral de BAC L en LELE ANGLAIS.

Auriez-vous la possibilité de corriger mes dossiers?

Merci d'avance :

1) THE AUTHORS VOICE :

The notion which I am going to present you is “The author’s voice”. It deals with the different ways an author chooses to make himself heard in a wave of art. It can be in a painting, a play, a music or a novel.

In the case of a writer, he can choose to express an opinion or describes a point of view, by using the first person point of view, from an internal focalization, to reproduce his way of speaking in real life. Yet, in many novel, the author writes in the first person and does not perceive its position in the story.

Therefore, we can wonder if a first person point of view is the best way for a writer to make himself heard?

We will answer to this issue with the help of two documents :

On the one hand, we can say no, because an author doesn’t want specially to make him understand, and that’s the case for Agatha Christie. Indeed, we have studied two extracts of Agatha Christie’s novel, first the chapter 4 ; “The murder of Roger Ackroyd”. The scene take place at Fernly, during the dinner. The narrator is Sheppard and this extract tells the story about a man, Roger Ackroyd, who learned that his future wife had killed her husband. The story is told from a first person point of view with an internal focalisation. The second extract “Apologia” permit to understand all the story, in fact, it was Sheppard who had a blackmailed Mrs Ferrars before she killed herself. All this book is Sheppard’s diary.
With the first person point of view and the internal focalisation, the author managed to manipulate the reader until the end because no one can doubt that the criminal is actually the narrator. The author want to be sure that his reader can't guess the murderer’s identity by writing a first person narrative, which means that the reader identifies himself with the narrator and trust him.

On the other hand, to illustrate the notion, I’m going to present a book: “I know why the cage bird sing”, a book of 1969, an autobiography about the early years of African-American writer and poet Maya Angelou. In his book, Maya transform from a victim of racism with an inferiority complex into a self-possessed, dignified young woman, we are capable of responding to prejudice. Throughout his work, Maya will tell us his story. For that, she use the I, and a first person point of view. She uses "I" so that the reader can take his place and discover his history.

To conclude, we can say that the first person is not necessarily the best way for the author to be understood , because as we saw in the first part , using the first person , the author to induce the reader and error handling. However, in some cases, a first-person narrative is the best way to get his story as seen with Maya Angelou . Indeed , this view allows us to put ourselves in the place of the author and have empathy so it's a good way to be understood.


2) WORLD OF IMAGINATION :

The notion which I am going to present you is “The world of imagination”. Its is the ability to think about things which do ne exist. The imagination is the mental creative ability.


To begin, there is a form of “world of imagination” is the Gothic Literature.
The world gothic originally describes a style of European Architecture between the 12th and the 16th centuries. Gothic fiction is characterized by the elements of fear, horror, by the supernatural, madness and darkness. It's a genre that combines fiction, horror and Romanticism. The main characters are tyrants, bandits, maniacs, persecuted maidens and also vampires. Other elements that characterize this type of fiction might include mystery, romance, terror, the supernatural, haunted houses and Gothic architecture, castles, darkness, death...
The term Gothic came to be applied to the litterary genre precisely because the genre with such emotional extremes and dark Themes.
Finally, Ana Radcliffe was one of novelists who tried and became Gothic’s author. They are many author’s who contributed to the development of this genre. We'll illustrate the concept with some of these gothic authors.

So, We are going to ask ourselves : “What does place Literature Gothic have today?”

We will answer the issue with the help of three documents.

One the one hand, we have studied the Frankenstein’s novel by Marry Sheylley published in 1818, it’s her most popular work. It’s a typical Gothic novel. The story is about a man Victor Frankenstein, a man passionate about science and reanimation since the college. He became scientist, and one day, he will succeed to create a monster with z lot of body parts of dead human beings. In the chapter studied, chapter 23, Marry Shelley’s combines several ingredients to create Gothic novel, like the setting is key Because the storm signals that something evil is going to happen. Another quality of Gothic fiction, is the psychic communication between characters. Indeed, this novel contains some ingredients to create a memorable novel in the gothic tradition.
Then, we have studied some chapter’s of “Great Expectations by Charles Dicken’s written in London in 1861. It’s a Victorian novel but it contains some aspects of Gothic’s Literature. The story is narrated by Pip raised by his sister and her blacksmith husband but his life changed when he receives a substancial fortune form an anonymus benefactor. The first chapter of the book, is a good illustration of the gothic’s aspects. In this chapter, Pip a little boy is attacked by a strange man ; an escaped convict ; a scary man, very impressive and aggressive. The author used literary terms in this scene, lexical fields of the death and the nature, and he create a gothic atmosphere by the settings. All this elements show the proportion of Gothic in the scene but it’s the only one in the book.



On the other hand, though it’s sometimes looked down on as a mixture of horror and romance, Gothic literature has been and continues to be a tremendously influential and popular genre. To illustrate this, we have the short story “the temple” written by Joyce Caroll Oates in 1996 in a compilation of short stories called “American Gothic Tales”. American Gothic Tales is an anthology of "gothic" American short fiction.
In her short story, the narrator is haunted by "mewing" and scratching sounds that are outside of her home. At first, she suspected the noise to be from a small animal, but started to investigate because the sound disrupted her sleep.
The more she hears this wretched noise, the more anxious she becomes to find the source. She finally sends herself on a mission, gathering her gardening tools and setting out to find where the noises are coming from. The more she digs, the closer she gets to the source, until she finds the source of the noise; a child's skull…
Indeed, we can see the part of Gothic Literature in the obsession of the woman, she becomes obsessed with these objects that help portray of terror versus horror and help intensify creepiness. Furthermore, in American Gothic Literature there is a state of terror and horror within a story. Terror is the anticipation within the story while Horror is the realization. The following describes how The Temple shows Terror and Horror throughout the story. The temple builds terror by the constant screeching the constant noise that the woman hears! Terror builds inside the reader as they imagine themselves in that situation. Finally, What makes a book Gothic is Generally speaking , at Gothic fiction at its core this characteristics : the main character is Being Asked to reject the rational world in order to embrace the primitive world of our emotions ; this is usually done through a supernatural element That Invokes a feeling of dread or terror like in the short story of Joyce Carol Oates.

To conclude, today, Gothic literature has changed over the centuries and engages in various characteristics. The share of horror and terror is increasingly present throughout the Gothic genre. So these three documents illustrate the evolution of Gothic literature through the centuries and the place it occupies today.
However, the Gothic world matched present in many films these days.


3) The writer in his time :
I am going to deal with the theme « The Writer in His Time ». Some writers don't hesitate to criticise their own society through their work by expressing their way of thinking under the form of a 'parody' or simple critic. But many books also reveal their century, firstly through the language and lexis used, and also by the story itself.

In that extent we can ask us how does the writer can reveal a society through his work ?

We will answer the issue with the help of four documents :

On the one hand, we have studied a book of Jane Austen “Pride and prejudice” written in 1813. The story is about Elizabeth Benneth’s life and her four unmarried sisters. Her parents forced her to marry it with Mr. Bingley, but she didn’t want it. When she went to a ball, she fell in love with a rich single man. But her prejudice kept her falling in love with him, even if two protagonists found love with each other. The second document is “Jane Eyre” by Charlotte Bronte published in 1854. The author always spoke about, class, society, relationships between men and women.
The story begin at the death of his parents. Jane is taken by her uncle. When he dies, Jane is confronted with the hatred of her aunt who decides to send him to Lowood, a school of charity renowned for its extreme rigor. After 8 years of hardships crossed to Lowood, Jane Eyre runs an ad and finds governess’s places at Edward Rochester, the owner of Thornfield-Hall. All the book is inspired by her own life and her experience but it’s still a work of fiction.
These two documents shows that the 20 th century , some authors were inspired by their own lives in their book to expose and criticize the society to which they belong.

On the other hand, I have choose the movie “Pride and prejudice and zombies” realized by Burr Steers in United states in 2016. This is a crazy parody of the famous book “Pride and prejudice” written by Jane Austen, about which we spoke in the first part. Classic tale of the tangled relationships between lovers from different social classes in 19th century England is faced with a new challenged – an army of undead zombies. So this story follow to fascinate people and we can finally sat that it’s not because a novel is representative of a century, that it can’t inspire new story or being always actual.

To conclude, our first two records dating from the 20 th century shows that the author can through his work criticizing the society in which he lives. This is why our two authors use elements of their own lives in order to give real elements of society.
However, it is possible to divert a story written in another company and succeed in passing a message and captivate the viewer.

MERCI D'AVANCE Smile
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